GLF Schools

GLF Schools

Nursery - Darwin Class

Charles Darwin (@DarwinTheCool) / Twitter

Darwin Class

Class teacher: Miss Dalby

Learning Assistants: Mrs Earl, Mrs Lutchman and Mrs Balsamino

This term:

In Nursery, we deliver the EYFS curriculum as well as following the whole school STEAM curriculum.

This term our STEAM focus is Technology, and we will be answering the question ‘Can I design and build a structure using my knowledge and understanding of historical periods?'

Children will explore different sources of light and practise various skills to manipulate materials to achieve an end result. We will explore various materials and determine which allow the most light through before using these newfound skills to make a lantern of their choice for our final STEAM showcase.  Our STEAM Hook this term will be a Disco in the dark!

he areas of learning and development 

There are seven areas of learning and development in the Early Years Foundation Stage. All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected. Three areas are particularly important for building a foundation for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, forming relationships and thriving. 

These are the Prime areas: 

  • Communication and language: the number and quality of the conversations they have with adults and peers throughout the day in a language-rich environment is crucial. By commenting on what children are interested in or doing and echoing back what they say with new vocabulary added, practitioners will build children's language effectively. Reading frequently to children, and engaging them actively in stories, non-fiction, rhymes and poems, and then providing them with extensive opportunities to use and embed new words in a range of contexts, will give children the opportunity to thrive. 

  • Physical development: Physical activity is vital in children’s all-round development, enabling them to pursue happy, healthy and active lives. Gross and fine motor experiences develop incrementally throughout early childhood, starting with sensory explorations and the development of a child’s strength, co-ordination and positional awareness. 

  • Personal, social and emotional development: PSED is crucial for children to lead healthy and happy lives and is fundamental to their cognitive development. Underpinning their personal development are the important attachments that shape their social world. Strong, warm and supportive relationships with adults enable children to learn how to understand their own feelings and those of others. 

We also support children in four specific areas, through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied. The specific areas are: 

  • Literacy 

  • Mathematics 

  • Understanding the world 

  • Expressive arts and design 

This term we will be exploring the following principles within each of the specific areas: 


  • Children will gain confidence in counting forwards as well as backwards from 0-5 

  • Children will show an interest in shape and will be learning the 2D shape names for a square, rectangle, diamond, pentagon and a star 

  • The children will be learning to recognise numbers 1-5 using different representations.  

  • Children will be learning to order objects by length 

Understanding the world 

  • Children will know and understand that we get light from different places, some lights are natural lights and some are manmade  

  • Electricity and fire can both provide us with light but need to be used safely 

People and Communities 

  • Throughout the year people celebrate a range of different celebrations  

  • Diwali is a Festival of Light celebrated by Hindu communities 

  • Christmas is a Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus and a star led the way to the stable where he was born 


  • Not all lights look the same or work in the same way 

  • Light is turned on by a switch 

Expressive Arts and Design: exploring media and materials 

  • Children will explore construction materials and make a variety of objects with these they will discover that enclosed spaces can create 3D structures 

  • Children will select materials they want to use for a lantern 

  • Children will experiment with joining materials together and learn how to do this effectively 

  • Children will create an individual lamp/lantern 



It is crucial for children to develop a life-long love of reading. Reading consists of two dimensions: language comprehension and word reading. Language comprehension (necessary for both reading and writing) starts from birth. It only develops when adults talk with children about the world around them and the books (stories and non-fiction) they read with them, and enjoy rhymes, poems and songs together. 

Our Read Write Inc phonic scheme starts in nursery with the children beginning to learn the rhymes that match the letters, please look on our website for these. 

This term we will be continuing to build the foundations to early phonics by teaching children to discriminate sounds, including environmental, musical, body percussion and voice sounds. At this stage in children’s development, rhythm, rhyme and alliteration are very important, so do please read lots of Nursery Rhymes at home to support our work in class. 

We are very excited to be introducing ‘Talk through stories’ this term, which provides the opportunity for children to really explore key texts, understand the principle of the story, learn new vocabulary and explore new characters. Each week we will focus on one key text which the children will become very familiar with.  

Our literacy key texts for this will be: 

  • Owl babies 
  • Five minutes peace 
  • Can’t you sleep little bear? 
  • The Scarecrows Wedding 
  • Stick Man 
  • Hugless Douglas